Edelson lecture on Caribbean Cartography features MapScholar

The Board of Trade dictated that the new islands be represented by a “Sugar Mill . . . with Slaves at work” accompanied by the Latin motto: “hae tibi erunt artes,” or, in English “these will be your arts.” This quotation from Virgil’s Aeneid refers to Rome’s glory as a colonizing power. Other cultures created great works of art, oratory, and science, ”But you, Roman, remember to rule the peoples with power (these will be your arts).” It was an apt legend for the Board of Trade’s vision of British America. No other European power was as successful at peopling new world places, developing their economies, and commanding Atlantic trade through maritime power and commercial activity.

Prof. S. Max Edelson presented one of the Eighth Biennial Virginia Garrett Lectures on the History of Cartography on October 5, 2012, at the University of Texas at Arlington.  His talk, “Settling the Ceded Islands: Cartography and Colonization in the British West Indies, 1763-1786,” describe how Great Britain took control over its new tropical islands–Dominica, St. Vincent, Grenada, and Tobago–after the Seven Years’ War.   Click here to launch the “Settling the Ceded Islands” site.

MapScholar wins NEH Digital Humanities Implementation Grant

MapScholar project receives 3-year NEH Grant to Help Scholars Publish Digital Map Collections

(July 27, 2012) — To understand how people in the past perceived geographic space, scholars have been drawn to maps as essential primary sources. Over the last thirty years, map history has undergone a revolution in interpretation as scholars have learned to analyze cartographic images as complex representations. Thanks to the Internet and the increasing availability of digitized maps scanned by libraries and archives, it is now possible to share this knowledge and these images with a much wider reading public. Two UVa digital humanities researchers have built an innovative web tool called MapScholar to make this possible, one that has just received substantial new grant support.

To develop MapScholar, a web-based tool for publishing interactive cartographic
collections, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) has awarded a three-year, $297,116 grant to S. Max Edelson, associate professor in the Corcoran Department of History, and Bill Ferster, a senior scientist at the Curry School of Education and SHANTI (Sciences, Humanities and Arts Network of Technological Initiatives).

The grant was awarded under NEH’s Digital Humanities Implementation program, which seeks to expand on projects that were previously funded by the NEH. Before building MapScholar, both of the grant’s principal investigators developed the ideas that made it possible with support from separate NEH Digital Humanities Start-up grants awarded in 2008. Edelson’s start-up grant supported the Cartography of American Colonization Database (CACD) project, which explored the problem of how best to display digital historic maps. A 2010 Digital Innovation Fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies helped Edelson continue this work. Ferster and Scot French, then at
the Virginia Center for Digital History (VCDH), used their NEH start-up grant to build HistoryBrowser (now called VisualEyes) a web-based authoring tool for creating web sites that weave together images, maps, charts, video, and data into interactive visualization (See www.viseyes.org).

These separate digital humanities projects came together in 2010, when Ferster and Edelson developed a prototype to MapScholar as part of the SHANTI cohort program designed to foster collaborations between UVa professors and digital humanities experts. MapScholar will draw heavily on SHANTI’s new SHIVA initiative, which provides HTML5-based visualization tools for scholars and will be released this fall. (See www.viseyes.org/shiva).

Edelson is currently writing a book about eighteenth-century cartography that will be titled The New Map of Empire: How Britain Imagined America before Independence (Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2014). Readers will be able to explore the full digital archive of more than 300 rare maps he has assembled to describe how Great Britain understood its new world colonies in the generation before the American Revolution.

About MapScholar

MapScholar is an interactive visualization tool for historic map collections. It offers an open-source portal that gives individual scholars the independent means of gathering high-resolution images, analyzing them in rich geospatial contexts, and using them to illustrate new interpretations in the history of cartography and related humanities fields.

MapScholar enhances traditional books and articles by making it possible–at no cost to publishers–to mount stunning web displays of map collections assembled from libraries around the world. MapScholar’s key innovation is how it brings maps together-regardless of the archive in which they sit–for the purpose of generating new knowledge about human perceptions of geographic space.

MapScholar draws on the deep institutional resources for digital humanities development at the University of Virginia, particularly those at its dedicated humanities and social sciences technology units: SHANTI, IATH, and the Library’s Scholars’ Lab and Digital Media Lab. Based on a thoroughly distributed model of data generation and storage that depends on scholars as curators of their own information, this tool can be sustained at very low costs without major institutional investments in hardware, bandwidth, and dedicated software. It joins together data in industry-standard file formats with free and effective data serving sites such as Flickr and Google Docs to generate dynamic, on-the-fly visualizations.

For more information please contact:

S. Max Edelson
Bill Ferster



Defining Carolina

A collection of 34 maps of early Carolina featured in S. Max Edelson, “Defining Carolina: Cartography and Colonization in the North American Southeast, 1657-1733,” in Michelle LeMaster and Bradford Wood, eds., Creating and Contesting Carolina (University of South Carolina Press, forthcoming 2013)


The New Map of Empire (draft site)

A large collections of more than 500 maps, plans, and charts of British North America and the West Indies.  The final site will provide a full archive of images featured in S. Max Edelson, The New Map of Empire: How Britain Imagined America before Independence (Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2014).